[Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco

Umberto Eco Ï 8 Read

Cinque scritti morali

review ☆ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ï Umberto Eco Summary Cinue scritti morali ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Umberto Eco Ï 8 Read ب عليهم فالـ “نحن” التي قادت الحرب في أفغانستان والعراق وغيرها من مناطق العالم ليست آتية من خارج التاريخ، إنها ثمرة من ثماره، وجزء من سيرورة حضارية تشكلت باعتبار هويتها تلك في علاقتها بالآخرين لا في انفصال عنهم ولذلك، لا يمكنها أن تتحدد باعتبار ذاتها، أي باعتبار المخزون الأخلاقي عندها، بل يجب أن تقيس أخلاقها بأخلاق الآخر إن العزلة لا تقود إلا إلى الفاشيةوهو ما يعني استحالة تحديد الدوائر الأخلاقية لـ”الأنا” دون الإشارة إلى تلك التي تخص “الآخر” فهذه الدائرة ممكنة الوجود في حدود وجود أخلاق أخرى، لا تناقضها بالضرورة، ولكنها قد تجعل منها أمراً ممكناً، أو تكشف عن تهافتها فمن السهل جداً اتهام الذين كانوا يقدمون أبناءهم قرباناً للآلهة بالهمجية والتوحش، لأنهم ذبحوهم أو القوا بهم في البحر أو النهر وفي المقابل، من الصعب إقناعهم بأن إلقاء قنبلة ذرية على مدينة وتدميرها بمن فيها وما فيها يدخل ضمن شرعية استعمال العنف من أجل درء عنف أشدوالحاصل، أنه إذا كانت المبادئ الأخلاقية كونية من حيث إنها دالة على وعي الذات بحدودها في علاقتها بالآخر، ومن حيث كونها تشير إلى إحساس إنساني يكشف عن تقدير الذات لنفسها في المقام الثاني، فإنها مع ذلك، ليست كذلك إلا في الظاهر؛ فهي تختلف بالضرورة باختلاف الأسس العقدية والثقافية والمعرفية التي تقوم عليها فأخلاق الدين ليست هي أخلاق العلمانية، فهي في الدين تعاليم فوقية أصلها غيبي، أما في العلمانية، فلا علاقة للمضامين الفعلية للسلوك الأخلاقي بالأصل العقدي الذي يسندها” يعرّفنا الكتاب على مبادئ اعتنقها صاحب “بندول فوكو”، وهي ـ برأي سعيد بنكراد ـ المبادئ “ التي يجب، في عرف المؤلف، أن يتحمل عبئها المثقف قبل السياسي فللمثقف اختيارات لا يحكمها التقدير الظرفي للأشياء والكائنات، ولا. I received this book by mistake from had ordered another There must be fate involved so I read itThe book contains 5 essays by the spanish oops Italian philosopher Umberto Eco of whom I ve never heard of Reflections on War When the Other appears on the sceneOn the Press Ur Fascism and Migration Tolerance and the Intolerable Two of these caught my attention not so much the others my fault entirely I m sureWhen the Other appears on the scene is a reflection on where all our ethics come from They have to do with relating to another Eco is at least familiar with faith and Catholicism so he doesn t discount the idea of revelation but in this he doggedly sticks to what ethics means for both believers and non believers it seems clear too that a person who has never had an experience with the transcendent or who has lost it can make sense of his or her life and death can be comforted by the love of others and by the attempt to guarantee someone else a life to be lived even after his or her own death Very generous and thoughtful reflectingMigration Tolerance and Intolerable is very fascinating He states that it would do well for people to draw a distinction between immigration a controlled and typically orderly flow of small numbers of people into a different society vs migration an uncontrollable flow of peoples who likely will change the culture and society they move into Tolerance is parsed and discussed with the concept of fundamentalism Even political correctness is addressed this is 15 20 years go before the current bandying about of the term as an earnest attempt to be tolerant but can easily become a fundamentalism of its ownIntolerable relates to how humans decide something has gone too far beyond what can be tolerated as a cultural difference and must be forcefully addressed Naziism is his prime example but the entire conversation is provocative genocide in many current day situations is brought to mindGreat short read I was not planning on at least of the two that caught my attention

Summary Cinque scritti morali

review ☆ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ï Umberto Eco Summary Cinue scritti morali ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Umberto Eco Ï 8 Read يستند إلى حكم مسبق لبلورة مواقفه والدفاع عنها فإذا كان الفعل الإنساني “عرضة للالتباسات والغموض والتأويل، فإن وظيفة المثقف تكمن في الكشف عن هذه الالتباسات بالذات إن واجب المثقف هو في المقام الأول انتقاد رفاقه” يقدم لنا نعوم تشومسكي، العالم اللساني الشهير، حالة مثقف نادر الوجود في التاريخ لقد وقف في وجه الشطط الأميركي بكل قواه، وفضح أساليبها في التدخل في شؤون الأفراد والجماعات والدول ولم تمنعه يهوديته من الوقوف ضد إسرائيل دفاعاً عن حق الشعب الفلسطيني في استقلاله وبناء دولتهوبعبارة أخرى، إن المثقف فاعل أخلاقي لا يتقيد بحالات انتماء زائل لهذا الموقف أو ذاك، ولا بحالات التصنيف “العفوي” ضمن أصل “عرقي” هو بالضرورة من باب الوهم المضلل، أو من باب التصنيف الثقافي المسبق الذي لا يمكن، رغم وجوده الفعلي، أن يحل محل كل القيم النبيلة التي أفرزتها الممارسة الإنسانية الممتدة عميقاً في التاريخ لقد مات سقراط دفاعاً عن حق الإنسان في التفكير الحر، ورفض الفرار من سجنه لكي لا يشمت به أعداؤه أو يشككون في مبادئه”وعلى هذا الأساس، فإن ما يفصل بين السياسي والمثقف هو الفاصل بين “الولاء” وبين “الحقيقة”، فالولاء عند إيكو مقولة أخلاقية، أما الحقيقة فمن طبيعة نظرية الأولى للسياسي فهو يتحرك ضمن تراتبية السلطة أو تراتبية الحزب أما الثانية فمن اختصاص المثقف فهو لا يهتم سوى بالقيم التي تحمي الإنسان من الظلم والانتقاص من حريته وكرامته ولا سبيل إلى الخلط بين ما يأتي من الولاء، وما تقود إليه الحقيقة إنه الفاصل بين إكراهات السياسة واختيارات الثقافةكتاب “دروس في الأخلاق” ـ برأي بنكراد ـ “لا يقدم دروساً من باب “يجب”، بل يستحضر تجارب التاريخ ويتأملها، إنه لا يمجد أخلاق الدين، ولا يحط منها، ولكنه يجعل الفرد مسؤولاً عن سلوكه?. Interesting to see that Umberto Eco was a shallow thinker A deep reader but shallow moralistIn this book he descends into theological reasoning Eco uses as axioms ideas like that a human must never be used as a means to an end He does not seem to look at his own morality with honesty He does not dissect his own intuitions realizing that our morality is either aesthetic preferences or a game of utilitarian optimization Umberto Eco was christian in everything except but that he was atheist

review ☆ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ï Umberto Eco

review ☆ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ï Umberto Eco Summary Cinue scritti morali ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Umberto Eco Ï 8 Read المصدرأصدر المركز الثقافي العربي في بيروت والدار البيضاء، 2010، الترجمة العربية لكتاب الروائي والكاتب الإيطالي الشهير إمبرتو إيكو “دروس في الأخلاق”، وقام بترجمة هذا الكتاب الناقد المغربي سعيد بنكراد انطلاقا من الترجمة الفرنسية التي صدرت عن دار النشر الفرنسية العريقة “غراسيه” في طبعة صدرت عام 2000 ويقع الكتاب في 152 صفحة من الحجم المتوسط، دون الإشارة إلى صاحب لوحة الغلاف يضم الكتاب خمس مقالات لصاحب “بندول فوكو”، و”اسم الوردة”، وهي تحمل العناوين “التفكير في الحرب”، “الفاشية الأبدية”، “حول الصحافة”، “الأنا والآخر”، “التروح وغير المسموح”وقد كتب إيكو هذه المقالات الخمس على فترات متباعدة، تتناول سلسلة من القضايا الخاصة بالوجود الإنساني، منها الأخلاق والعلمانية والتدين والثقافة والمثقف والعلاقة مع الآخر وغيرها من الموضوعات ذات الطابع القيمي العام ويقول الدكتور سعيد بنكراد في مقدمة هذا الكتاب “وليس في نيتنا تقديم ملخص لهذه المقالات أو بسط القول فيها، فهذا أمر لا ترجى منه فائدة، فالنص يُغني عن التلخيص، والتلقي المباشر أهم من وساطة مترجم لا يمكن تبرئة ذمته، فهو ينقل ما يشتهيه، لا ما يبحث عنه القارئ بالضرورة ومع ذلك، فإن ما يقوله العنوان وحده كاف لأن يثير الكثير من التساؤلات حول مقولة الأخلاق، فهي تكاد تكون الثيمة الرئيسية للكتاب كله”فسوء الفهم” و”الجهل” بخصوصيات الآخر و”الدونية الحضارية” و”التفوق العرقي” مواقف تندرج كلها ضمن ما يمكن أن يشكل أخلاقاً تُعتمد في الحكم على الآخر وتصنيفه فالـ”نحن” غامضة دائماً، لأنها تعتمد معاييرها للحكم على الآخر وتحديد المقبول والمرفوض والمحبذ والمكروه عنده وباسم هذه الرؤية تمت في كثير من مراحل التاريخ مقاضاة الآخرين والحكم على سلوكهم، بل وإعلان الحر. In his introduction Umberto Eco writes that the five essays in this book are occasional pieces and ethical pieces Their occasional nature arises from their being speeches given at some conference or articles commissioned for publication Their ethical nature is what makes them moral pieces they treat of what we ought to do what we ought not to do and what we must not do at any cost What we ought to do or what fans of Eco ought to is read this short book a mere 111 pages I read it in two sittings It is by no means an essential or a reuired Eco In fact these are only slight pieces meaning they are short and minor essays yet with big themes And I hasten to add they are highly readable pieces even if they are structured to be knotty moral philosophical arguments The essays are not of uniform uality Some strike me as well thought out others are just plain fillers Reflections on War 1991 was written at the start of the Gulf War just as Allied troops enter Kuwait City but its relevance surpasses its time Not only because war is timeless in the first place but because the issues still resonate on the previouscurrent war on terror and the next wave of war in Ira that George W Bush architected and justified by lying through his teeth The principles given in this first polemical essay are prescient as they apply to modern warfare in general Eco discusses the role of technology in modern war and why this makes obsolete and revises the art of war given by ClausewitzEco s reflections in this first essay and in all others following it are not really too focused or too tight Yet his conclusions and assertions even if predictable in parts are nonetheless powerful and explored creatively This is because he arrived at them obliuely Eco has this uniue style of circling around ideas playfully before confronting the issues full frontalThe essay that I consider the weakest and which I find too theoretical is Ur Fascism The essay defines several hybrids of fascism and Nazism and differentiates between and among these types It is the sort of essay that is limited by its geographic experience and scope Europe though not by its subjects racism and intoleranceWhat we ought not to do is dismiss offhand Eco s arguments They are well developed free ranging thoughts They skim on several surfaces and make some surprising turns and dives Since these are short pieces Eco goes to the nib of an idea without being laborious The labor of reading constitutes only in the wonderment at a uick change in register uite unlike his fiction Eco s novel The Island of the Day Before for example despite being great contains stultifying passages that can bore the hell out of an addled reader reader with ADD What these essays share with his fiction is the living wit behind the prose When the Other Appears on the Scene is another playful essay constructed as real correspondence to a priest a cardinal It reminds me of The Creation by E O Wilson While The Creation is concerned about the cultivation of an environmental ethic Eco s essay briefly sketches the foundation of a lay ethic or ethics for the laity specifically that for nonbelievers One of Eco s striking arguments goes like this a nonbeliever also has a lot to fear for sinning and has a lot to repent because at the back of his mind he is not so lucky to have a god who can forgive him his sinsI m not sure if Eco is an atheist not sure if Google will say but his letter points to this absentee kind of religious preoccupation Eco eventually arrives at what he calls natural ethic which he believes can find common ground with the principles of an ethic founded on faith in transcendence This reminds me of Wilson s book because that book is also addressed as a letter to a man of religion a pastor and also seeks to find common ground between two supposedly contending institutions that of pragmatic science and dogmatic religion On the Press demonstrates Eco as a credible academic blasting the Italian press for the seemingly shallow coverage of non substantial news He has mustered evidence from the news articles themselves to validate his claims and in the end he suggests practical solutions to promote the integrity of journalism This essay broadly anticipates scandals and controversies of public political figures in the pressThe last essay in a way serves to encapsulate the basic idea of the whole book This is not just a conflation of disconnected pieces after all they can also try to cohere The essay is about intolerance a basic feature of the modern world now that we are global and globalized and multiculturalism is the state of nature This last essay is a bit distracted and diffused also but it contains philosophical gems There is for example a rule of thumb proposed to justify the decision of nations who are faced with a choice of whether or not to interfere or intervene in another nation s seemingly intolerable acts This is a very thorny contemporary issue Just think of the recent bloodshed in Myanmar and the challenge of democracy in Honduras Should nations act decisively in such cases despite directly threatening the sovereignty of the erring nations or should they just watch events unfold on TV But again the soundness and power of Eco s solution is morally apt For as long as nations are mulling decisions in the international arena and individuals in their personal lives choices have to be made in black and white Suffer the conseuences later or as Eco phrased it be ready to pay the price of error What we ought not to do and what we must not do at any cost is lead immoral lives however that is done Eco shows some hints insights and bases of the certainty and necessity for moral action His pieces on war and war crimes religion and disbelief freedom of the press tolerance and fascism uphold basic decency as the sturdy rope that knots into a strong moral fiber This book of essays may be occasional and slight and fleeting but they clarify a lot of things If we listen we can filter the noise and din from the explosions of war intolerance and libel The line must be drawn and the cord pulled down Living is simply choosing The sound of our confidence is hidden in trying journeysIt tolls for thee


10 thoughts on “[Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco

  1. says: [Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco

    Summary Cinque scritti morali Umberto Eco Ï 8 Read [Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco We shall not get out of this circle until it is decided that when exceptional events occur humanity cannot afford to apply the laws currently in force but must shoulder the responsibility of sanctioning new onesFi

  2. says: review ☆ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ï Umberto Eco [Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco

    [Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco 35 starsThe essays that make up Five Moral Pieces Reflections on war When the Others Appear on the Scene On the Press Ur Fascism and Migration Tolerance and the Intolerable make me now realise that I prefer Eco's nonfiction to his fiction I believe he was a better theorist than a novelist While I found Ur Fascism which offers a series of keen discriminations between Mussolini’s fascism and Hitler’s Nazism the highlight for me here th

  3. says: review ☆ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ï Umberto Eco [Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco Umberto Eco Ï 8 Read

    [Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco review ☆ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ï Umberto Eco Umberto Eco Ï 8 Read In his introduction Umberto Eco writes that the five essays in this book are occasional pieces and ethical pieces Their occasional nature arises from their being speeches given at some conference or articles commissioned f

  4. says: Umberto Eco Ï 8 Read review ☆ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ï Umberto Eco Summary Cinque scritti morali

    [Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco Umberto Eco Ï 8 Read Umberto Eco Five Moral Pieces New York Harcourt Inc 2001 translated by Alastair McEwen Pp 111 Hardcover 2300I had never read anything by Umberto Eco and I knew that he is a leading thinker of our time This was the book I picked up to read to acuaint myself with his philosophy and writing styleIt's a fairly sho

  5. says: [Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco

    [Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco Worth it for Ur Fascism alone

  6. says: [Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco Umberto Eco Ï 8 Read review ☆ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ï Umberto Eco

    Umberto Eco Ï 8 Read review ☆ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ï Umberto Eco [Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco I received this book by mistake from had ordered another There must be fate involved so I read itThe book contains 5 essays by the spanish oops Italian philosopher Umberto Eco of whom I've never heard of Reflections on War When the Other appears on the sceneOn the Press Ur Fascism and Migration Tolerance and the Intolerable Two of these caught my attention not so much the others my fault entirely I'm sureWhen the Other appears

  7. says: [Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco

    [Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco Very short collection of five essays around morality two stand out in particular The first essay Reflections on War tries to update C

  8. says: Umberto Eco Ï 8 Read review ☆ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ï Umberto Eco Summary Cinque scritti morali

    Summary Cinque scritti morali [Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco review ☆ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ï Umberto Eco Interesting to see that Umberto Eco was a shallow thinker A deep reader but shallow moralistIn this book he descends into theological reasoning Eco uses as axioms ideas like that a human must never be used as a me

  9. says: [Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco

    [Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco Umberto Eco Ï 8 Read Summary Cinque scritti morali Five essays on moral aspects of politics; one on war one on nonreligious bases for morality one on the press one on the nature of fascism and one on migration and intolerance These were interesting mainly as showing where Ec

  10. says: [Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco

    [Cinque scritti morali] E–pub õ Umberto Eco It hurt my head a bit I enjoyed ? the characteristics of Ur Fascism which were spookily familiar in the new US presidency Interesting comments on Loyalty versus Truth too But on the whole I found it hard work and at times too parochial re Italian matters to engage me fully The discussion of the sources of morality could have been my favourite but not as accessible to my little brain as I would have wished

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *