EBOOK Cosmopolis: The Hidden Agenda of Modernity

  • Paperback
  • 235
  • Cosmopolis: The Hidden Agenda of Modernity
  • Stephen Toulmin
  • English
  • 14 March 2020
  • 9780226808383

Stephen Toulmin ☆ 2 Download

Cosmopolis: The Hidden Agenda of Modernity Free read ✓ 2 Hard M Rorty University of VirginiaToulmin has now tackled perhaps his most ambitious theme of all His aim is nothing less than to lay before us an account of both the origins and the prospects of our distinctively modern world By charting the evolution of modernity he hopes to show us what intellectual posture we ought to adopt as we confront the coming millennium uentin Skinner New York Review of Boo. Stephen Toulmin s Cosmopolis 1990 is one of those defining metatomes that come along from time to time Parallels in my limited range of awareness are for me books like Northrop Frye s Anatomy of Criticism and Thomas Kuhn s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions They are books that can only be attempted by writers and thinkers with encyclopedic knowledge and a brilliant capacity to analyze and synthesize They can only be read by people with sufficient background knowledge to grasp references to works spanning the last 500 or so years and dozens of academic disciplines criteria that put me only on the fringe of meeting the necessary ualificationsCosmopolis brilliantly titled because it references the totality of our understanding of the physical and natural world plus the totality of human thought understanding and interaction traces Toulmin s concept of the Modern as a phenomenon that to his thinking arose in the seventeenth century went through several phases up through the twentieth century and then did or didn t dieIn Toulmin s paradigm the Renaissance was a time dominated by a Humanism that was or less set aside by modernity which attempted to replace Renaissance Humanism and a lot of other things with reason rationality empirical observation and calculation Thus for him the Renaissance was the end of the Medieval period not the beginning of the modern Seventeenth century thinkers had a high level of motivation to create something new Prior sources of certainty most notably religion had let them down The utter devastation and ruin of the Thirty Years War 1618 1648 fought in the name of which Christian denomination was the one true faith had made it clear that a uest for certain knowledge could not rest on such a shaky and shifting foundation Most such thinkers did not abandon their respective faiths but they no longer based their secular philosophy on faith Rather they eg Copernicus Bacon Descartes Newton etc looked to empirical observation looking at the moon through a telescope and contextless but hopefully universal abstract ideas I think therefore I am to form the basis for new understanding that could not be challengedHaving gone through the four hundred years during which this way of seeking truth and dare I say progress we have lost much of our innocence about the limitless possibilities of modern thinking As Pope put it God said Let Newton be and all was light lasted only until Einstein and Planck showed otherwise Bacon s scientific revolution brought Nature to her knees and set her in service of mankind only until the one percent grabbed up all the profits and put mankind to work in service of themClearly such snippets of a synopsis do little justice to Toulmin s work There is so much And when it is all over one could have a hearty debate with this man who like my own academic mentor Ian Watt drew so much from his study at Cambridge with Wittgenstein But to have that debate one would have to be as smart as Toulmin and know as much as he did Not many of us meet those criteria eitherAs an intellectual dinosaur myself I find that Toulmin offers me comfort even in the context of his withering deconstruction of modernism He does it by remarrying modernism with humanism and optimistically suggesting that what is good in both will come together in whatever is next to take us to a new and better place And he does it by letting me choose Have we entered what he calls the Third Phase of Modernism or are we as so many prefer to think now in the Post Modern period that has abandoned the childish things that we valued when we were merely modernThe dinosaur in me wants to go with the first option I am too old to give up my concept of the modern and what I like about it Only time will tell Galileo Descartes and Newton had absolutely no idea what would eventually come out of what they started and neither do we now

Summary Cosmopolis: The Hidden Agenda of ModernityCosmopolis: The Hidden Agenda of Modernity

Cosmopolis: The Hidden Agenda of Modernity Free read ✓ 2 E and manageable rational categories Stephen Toulmin confronts that agenda its illusions and its conseuences for our present and future worldBy showing how different the last three centuries would have been if Montaigne rather than Descartes had been taken as a starting point Toulmin helps destroy the illusion that the Cartesian uest for certainty is intrinsic to the nature of science or philosophy Ric. who i amWho we areare we humansor just machines need to be feed with oilah no i know who i ami am a wealthy person like limozinei choose who rides meoh i am hungry i need to fill my stomackhey girl comefeed me babyoh yeah we are eating like humans aren t wehey friend tell me about the latest top caroh c mon it s still limozineshall i change it againit is still brilliant shiny newwait waiti am thirstycan you water me babyoh how sweaty you areyou should not be joggingyou should not be feedingyou are a shiny flower honeywater me again and againoh my belly is fullmy car is newwhat can i do toocount my notes and coinsmillions billionsJane jane janecan pay you booksas much as you willcan give you millionsbut feed my gratificationpour me a cup of winlet s hit it upoh Eric baby nothing can be bought by money in a disordered world people are turning into materialistics and cannibals After reading Cosmopolis i couldn t write down my thoughts in a full paragraph or essay but rather than just a disordered peom if i am allowed to call it a poem i just expressed myself in the above lines

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Cosmopolis: The Hidden Agenda of Modernity Free read ✓ 2 In the seventeenth century a vision arose which was to captivate the Western imagination for the next three hundred years the vision of Cosmopolis a society as rationally ordered as the Newtonian view of nature While fueling extraordinary advances in all fields of human endeavor this vision perpetuated a hidden yet persistent agenda the delusion that human nature and society could be fitted into precis. Published in 1990 this was Toulmin s first attempt to summarise how his views on history philosophy of science had changed over the decades and how it impacts the wider story of science and The Enlightenment Return To Reason came later on The first half is an excellent and convincing study of Descartes in the context of France in the early 17th century This shows that Rene was well aware of the turmoil in the world around him and that this gave the backdrop in which he found the earlier scepticism of Montaigne to be unacceptable It also shows why his intellectual project would be attractive to other thinkers looking for a way to salvage or reconstruct the edifice of civilisation that seemed to be toppling in apocalyptic timesToulmin is less successful in the second half when he tries to stretch these ideas very thinly as an agenda of modernity this is supposed to explain much of the cultural politics of the next 300 years This gets awfully silly and at its worse it descends in to dreadful pop Hegelianism that seems to be assuming History has a natural telos toward western liberal humanism which is precisely the kind of de particularised facile universalism that is rationalism at its worse his ostensible target Of course at the end of 80s all sorts of people were thinking this way Francis Fukuyama God help us being the most prominent Some of the looking ahead musings here got dated awfully uickly the 90s turned out to see a revival of interest in nationalism rather than the inexorable progress of trans nationalism expected And Stephen seems to be expecting Gorbachev to be around much longer than he wasOn a positive note he had moments when he was uite aware that things are not always rosy and we might not be slouching towards Eden He is also keen to stress that his is not concerned for any kind of constructionist trivialism of science or glib anti rationalism he was a serious philosopher not a tuppence ha penny hack like Bryan Appleyard or any of the dozens of dreary windbags with their second hand never read references to Kuhn and scientism He was a former student of Wittgenstein who made his name with the influential anti logic book as Strawson called it The Uses Of Arguments which first drew attention to how real debates function in dimensions beyond simple battles between alternative sets of propositions and their formal entailments Trouble is he forgets his own lesson and treats the modern world view as if it were precisely such a bundle of axioms rather than anything to live by He doesn t consider that any theory of physics and the universe could as well fill the cosmopolitical role he holds that Newtonianism was assigned to and in any case wasn t the pre modern Ptolemaic model an enshrining of the centrality of Earth which put everything in its proper place Didn t that and Aristotelianism serve any conservative polemical purposes In any case who are the constituency that held these views All educated people but that would include a large amount of clergy right up to the brink of the 20th century It is ridiculous to suggest that any kind of cultural consensus existed in the 1920s or 30s on logical positivism or guided by the Vienna Circle plenty of movements were pulling in other directions Take a look at Marshall Berman s All That Is Solid Melts In To Air to get a much broader picture of modernity than Toulmin was seeing from the HPS department library What both writers would agree about is a scepticism about reports of a post modern condition or distinctive rupture as opposed to modernity s continued evolution In that respect they were both correct but with different arguments Berman s modernity lives in the streets of New York Toulmin remained in the abstract cloud city of Cosmopolis even when he desired to escape from it But there are plenty of worthwhile ideas in here just read the final chapters as a period piece Going Away century a vision arose which was to Desperate Times captivate the Western imagination for the next three hundred years the vision of Cosmopolis a society as rationally ordered as the Newtonian view of nature While fueling extraordinary advances in all fields of human endeavor this vision perpetuated a hidden yet persistent agenda the delusion that human nature and society All American Murder could be fitted into precis. Published in 1990 this was Toulmin s first attempt to summarise how his views on history philosophy of science had That Deadman Dance changed over the decades and how it impacts the wider story of science and The Enlightenment Return To Reason Feng Shui Today came later on The first half is an excellent and Anatomy And Physiology For Nurses convincing study of Descartes in the Клуб убийц букв context of France in the early 17th The Practical Psychic century This shows that Rene was well aware of the turmoil in the world around him and that this gave the backdrop in which he found the earlier scepticism of Montaigne to be unacceptable It also shows why his intellectual project would be attractive to other thinkers looking for a way to salvage or reconstruct the edifice of Mundahlia (The Mundahlian Era, #1) civilisation that seemed to be toppling in apocalyptic timesToulmin is less successful in the second half when he tries to stretch these ideas very thinly as an agenda of modernity this is supposed to explain much of the Moominpappas Book of Thoughts cultural politics of the next 300 years This gets awfully silly and at its worse it descends in to dreadful pop Hegelianism that seems to be assuming History has a natural telos toward western liberal humanism which is precisely the kind of de particularised facile universalism that is rationalism at its worse his ostensible target Of Little Mys Book of Thoughts course at the end of 80s all sorts of people were thinking this way Francis Fukuyama God help us being the most prominent Some of the looking ahead musings here got dated awfully uickly the 90s turned out to see a revival of interest in nationalism rather than the inexorable progress of trans nationalism expected And Stephen seems to be expecting Gorbachev to be around much longer than he wasOn a positive note he had moments when he was uite aware that things are not always rosy and we might not be slouching towards Eden He is also keen to stress that his is not Small Acts of Resistance concerned for any kind of Expressive Therapies constructionist trivialism of science or glib anti rationalism he was a serious philosopher not a tuppence ha penny hack like Bryan Appleyard or any of the dozens of dreary windbags with their second hand never read references to Kuhn and scientism He was a former student of Wittgenstein who made his name with the influential anti logic book as Strawson Infidel called it The Uses Of Arguments which first drew attention to how real debates function in dimensions beyond simple battles between alternative sets of propositions and their formal entailments Trouble is he forgets his own lesson and treats the modern world view as if it were precisely such a bundle of axioms rather than anything to live by He doesn t I Love to Bake consider that any theory of physics and the universe Prelude One could as well fill the Murder at the God's Gate (Meren, #2) cosmopolitical role he holds that Newtonianism was assigned to and in any A Lancaster County Christmas case wasn t the pre modern Ptolemaic model an enshrining of the Die Verbrecher centrality of Earth which put everything in its proper place Didn t that and Aristotelianism serve any The Mac Xcode 2 Book conservative polemical purposes In any To Adam With Love Gray Zone #1 case who are the Celtic Wonder Tales constituency that held these views All educated people but that would include a large amount of Confessions of a Teenager 2 clergy right up to the brink of the 20th Ex Oblivione century It is ridiculous to suggest that any kind of Body Check (Harlequin Blaze, #458) cultural Death at Gallows Green consensus existed in the 1920s or 30s on logical positivism or guided by the Vienna Circle plenty of movements were pulling in other directions Take a look at Marshall Berman s All That Is Solid Melts In To Air to get a much broader picture of modernity than Toulmin was seeing from the HPS department library What both writers would agree about is a scepticism about reports of a post modern The Devil's Ribbon condition or distinctive rupture as opposed to modernity s You Can Teach Hitting continued evolution In that respect they were both Take Control of TextExpander correct but with different arguments Berman s modernity lives in the streets of New York Toulmin remained in the abstract Wedlocked cloud El hombre ue cambió su casa por un tulipán city of Cosmopolis even when he desired to escape from it But there are plenty of worthwhile ideas in here just read the final Everything Here Is Mine An Unhelpful Guide to Cat Behavior chapters as a period piece