- European Institutions, Democratization, and Human Rights Protection in the European Periphery
- Henry F. Carey
- 12 June 2020
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Free read ↠ European Institutions, Democratization, and Human Rights Protection in the European Periphery ☆ E-book, or Kindle E-pub A particular country These country chapters include those that were candidate countries and became member states Romania and Bulgaria in 2007 and Croatia in 2013; those that are now officially candidate countries Iceland Macedonia and since 2014 Serbia; those have all signed stabilization agreements which are usually precursors of EU candidature Montenegro Bosnia Albania and since 2014 despite being regarded as too large the Ukraine and too poor Moldova; and finally a new country Kosovo despite its non recognition by five EU member states which nonetheless appears to be on the road to eventual EU candidacy This study is a highly nuanced picture of a varying European record fraught with conflicting interests but portraying a picture of outer Europe struggling to improve because it seeks membership in a still powerful supranational organizatio.Read & Download ¶ E-book, or Kindle E-pub à Henry F. Carey
Free read ↠ European Institutions, Democratization, and Human Rights Protection in the European Periphery ☆ E-book, or Kindle E-pub The European Union EU along with the Council of Europe NATO and the Office of Security and Cooperation in Europe are regional organizations which despite their different missions all are designed to support democracy human rights and the rule of law The EU has reuired that all of its candidate countries for potential and actual membership adhere to these three criteria along with free market practices since its 1993 Copenhagen inter governmental summit In this book experts have contributed chapters on the European record of induced improvements in a variety of countries Current scholarship has debated whether the rational incentives of accession to membership conditionality theory; the normative power of European identity socialization theory; or international legal processes institutional theory have explained what some claim are significant.
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Free read ↠ European Institutions, Democratization, and Human Rights Protection in the European Periphery ☆ E-book, or Kindle E-pub Improvements Other scholars demur arguing that the improvements have been superficial or ephemeral or conversely that real improvement would have occurred anyway Still others argue that real improvements are reversible especially after EU membership is attained and regimes revert to former or new ways that erode democratization The EU and its peer institutions they suggest are not heavy anchors to democracy in periods of economic distress rising nationalism and extremism Yet others argue that out of these challenges the EU has saved the Euro built even stronger institutions and remains a beacon of desired ideals and membership among countries that conceivably could graduate from its partner organizations and eventually join the EU as well Each chapter assesses what difference the EU and other regional organizations have made in the record of.