(EBOOK FREE) [Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind] By V.S. Ramachandran


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  1. says: (EBOOK FREE) [Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind] By V.S. Ramachandran

    (EBOOK FREE) [Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind] By V.S. Ramachandran Summary Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind Ramachandran is not as touchy feely an author as Oliver Sacks, but the pair of them cover the same ground They both write about neurological problems, the symptoms expressed as behaviour and anecdotes concerned with the pe

  2. says: Characters ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ↠ V.S. Ramachandran V.S. Ramachandran ↠ 8 Read (EBOOK FREE) [Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind] By V.S. Ramachandran

    (EBOOK FREE) [Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind] By V.S. Ramachandran V.S. Ramachandran ↠ 8 Read Summary Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind Francis Crick the Crick half of the famous Watson and Crick duo that discovered the structure of DNA coined a term and used it as the title for

  3. says: Summary Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind (EBOOK FREE) [Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind] By V.S. Ramachandran

    (EBOOK FREE) [Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind] By V.S. Ramachandran I think this was a good book to read after reading Susan Sontag While Sontag says that thewe attribute a disease to our mind and to our attitudes theit betrays our ignorance, Ramachandran tries to answer questions like Can your mental attitude really help cure asthma and cancer For example, VSR is courageous enough to venture into esoteric ar

  4. says: (EBOOK FREE) [Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind] By V.S. Ramachandran

    Characters ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ↠ V.S. Ramachandran V.S. Ramachandran ↠ 8 Read Summary Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind HOLY CRAP.This is the best book about neuroscience and cog sci for a popular audience ever written by someone not named Ol

  5. says: (EBOOK FREE) [Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind] By V.S. Ramachandran Characters ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ↠ V.S. Ramachandran V.S. Ramachandran ↠ 8 Read

    V.S. Ramachandran ↠ 8 Read Characters ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ↠ V.S. Ramachandran (EBOOK FREE) [Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind] By V.S. Ramachandran Few years back I read Oliver SacksThe Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat and Other Clinical Talesand was amazed by the cases presented This book is evenastounding human brain is such a mystery even today.I knew about ampu

  6. says: Summary Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind (EBOOK FREE) [Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind] By V.S. Ramachandran V.S. Ramachandran ↠ 8 Read

    (EBOOK FREE) [Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind] By V.S. Ramachandran Characters ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ↠ V.S. Ramachandran Summary Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind This book is a direct flight into to the Limbo

  7. says: (EBOOK FREE) [Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind] By V.S. Ramachandran Summary Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind

    Summary Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind (EBOOK FREE) [Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind] By V.S. Ramachandran This is a book about psychology, neuroscience, all the good stuff Ramachandran is delightfully witty and approaches the big and small questions of psychology and neuroscience with curiosity and equal doses of scepticism and specula

  8. says: Characters ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ↠ V.S. Ramachandran V.S. Ramachandran ↠ 8 Read Summary Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind

    (EBOOK FREE) [Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind] By V.S. Ramachandran I begin to like Dr Ramachandran Such a remarkable, intelligent, and humble man, someone who would make a nice companion during long campfires The phantom limbs this book famously talks about is well known now But it talks about muchthan that The brain is after all a complex thing We hardly understand how it ticks and many things that pass on as bogus, like clairvoyance, are not completely unprovable given the limitations of brain study Th

  9. says: Summary Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind (EBOOK FREE) [Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind] By V.S. Ramachandran V.S. Ramachandran ↠ 8 Read

    V.S. Ramachandran ↠ 8 Read Characters ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ↠ V.S. Ramachandran (EBOOK FREE) [Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind] By V.S. Ramachandran This is the second book about neuro psychology I ve read and it has been an entirely new experience The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat was and reflected in the title as such mainly amusing On the other hand, Phantoms in the Brain is as, again, suggested by the title quite disturbing The first focused on weird cases per se, collecting stories only because they were odd, hence unique The second looks at the same kind of stories

  10. says: V.S. Ramachandran ↠ 8 Read (EBOOK FREE) [Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind] By V.S. Ramachandran

    (EBOOK FREE) [Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind] By V.S. Ramachandran Characters ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ↠ V.S. Ramachandran V.S. Ramachandran ↠ 8 Read THANK GOD My both hemispheres work while typing these Hurray what a book I love all the brain stuffs, especially all the wei

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Characters ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ↠ V.S. Ramachandran

Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind

Characters ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ↠ V.S. Ramachandran Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind Characters è 8 V.S. Ramachandran ↠ 8 Read What would you say about a woman who despite stroke induced paralysis crippling the entire left side of her body insists that she is whole and strong who even sees her left hand reach out to grasp objects Freud called it denial neurologists call it anosognosia However it may be labeled this phenomenon and others like it allow us peeks into other mental worlds and afford us considerable insight into our ownThe writings of Oliver Sacks and others have shown us that we can learn much about ourselve. Francis Crick the Crick half of the famous Watson and Crick duo that discovered the structure of DNA coined a term and used it as the title for his book on the subject called The Astonishing Hypothesis which represents the idea that all human cognition and perception every emotion belief existential crisis perceived sight sound smell etc is essentially the product of or euivalent to complex clusters and pathways of neurons and the synaptic connections of neurotransmitters that bi Francis Crick the Crick half of the famous Watson and Crick duo that discovered the structure of DNA coined a term and used it as the title for his book on the subject called The Astonishing Hypothesis which represents the idea that all human cognition and perception every emotion belief existential crisis perceived sight sound smell etc is essentially the product of or euivalent to complex clusters and pathways of neurons and the synaptic connections of neurotransmitters that bind them encased in bone and in flux like most things And as Crick once saidThere is no scientific studyvital to man than the study of his own brain Our entire view of the universe depends on itAnd just as matter of historical perspective and novelty Lucretius a brilliant Roman poet and Epicurian philosopher circa 99 BC proposed the same basic idea that lies at the heart of The Astonishing HypothesisAt this stage you must admit that whatever is seen to be sentient is nevertheless composed of atoms that are insentient The phenomena open to our observation do not contradict this conclusion or conflict with it Rather they lead us by the hand and compel us to believe that the animate is born as I maintain of the insentientVS Ramachandran has run with The Astonishing Hypothesis in ways like no other pop science writer has with the possible exception of Oliver Sacks who writes a wonderful intro to this book by the wayLet s start with a uote from Rama as I ll lovingly call him for the rest of the review that isn t from this book but gives some sense of scale and scope to what we re dealing with here when we pursue the implications of The Astonishing HypothesisThe human brain it has been said is the most complexly organised structure in the universe and to appreciate this you just have to look at some numbers The brain is made up of one hundred billion nerve cells or neurons which is the basic structural and functional units of the nervous system Each neuron makes something like a thousand to ten thousand contacts with other neurons and these points of contact are called synapses where exchange of information occurs And based on this information someone has calculated that the number of possible permutations and combinations of brain activity in other words the numbers of brain states exceeds the number of elementary particles in the known universeA uick word on Rama s overall style He prides himself like any good pop science writer on being able to make technical complex topics comprehensible to the layperson He accomplishes this in spades He doesn t condescend and he doesn t dumb anything down rather he s just charismatic you should see him speak in person well educated infields than merely his specialty he ll drop Shakespeare uotations references to pop culture sociology history and cutting edge philosophy all in the same page and just knows how to turn a pleasing phrase rich metaphors and lucid prose abound He really captures the childlike wonder and openness to evidentiary trajectories and discovery that is an ideal in science He often compares his work to that of his boyhood hero Sherlock Holmes He s a brain detective tracking down the roots of these various strangest of strange phantoms found lurking round the human brain Basically this is the purest antidote to dry technical writing and it seems to sacrifice none of the scientific rigor in the process A truly stunning feat that I ve only seen a few other authors pull off as well Steven Pinker and Oliver Sacks both come to mind This particular work of Rama s focuses on some of the strangest most fascinating and philosophically rich territory that s been eked out in the relatively young but incredibly productive and conceptually expansive history of cognitive neuroscience At many points I found my jaw dropping further than I thought possible as each page went by He covers SO MANY interesting neuro psychological behavioral phenomena that it s difficult to know what to highlight and what to gloss over there s just too much for a GoodReads review Plus some should be left for you potential readers to happily find on your own and what I summarize is extremely brief and surface level anyway Phantom Limbs One of the areas Rama is most well known for is the revolutionary work he s done with understanding and curing phantom limb pain Most people know what this phenomenon consists of a person loses a body part most often some section of their arm or leg or the whole thing though he also mentions rarer instances of phantom penises and phantom breasts and they begin to have very very vivid sensations that the limb is still there The problem often times is that they can t control what this phantom limb does or how it feels Commonly people have the painful sensation that their phantom hand is clenched as tight as can be to cite one of many examples Rama discovered a simple and ingenious way to sooth and eventually eliminate these pains He set up a box with a mirror in it that looks like this When he first tried this out on a person who was in agonizing pain they immediately felt a torrent of relief the phantom limb sufferer described it as an instantaneous and entirely vivid sensation of being able to finally unclench his excrusiatingly painful clenched phantom fist immediately The basic idea is that the brain is tricked into believing that that missing limb is present and when the actual remaining limb moves it gives the eually vivid sensation that the phantom limb is moving in that same willful way This exercise is done and as time goes on it becomes less and less necessary as the phantom pains become less and less freuent He cracks a great joke about being the first person to ever amputate a phantom limb It s utterly brilliant and a fine humanitarian service that he s brought to many many people suffering from what was until his fairly recent discovery such a baffling phenomenon Capgras Syndrome This one s really interesting and rife with all kinds of psychological and philosophical implications Capgras syndrome is when a person begins to think that people they know and recognize perfectly well are imposters One main example in the chapter The Unbearable Likeness of Being is a young man who had a near fatal car accident which put him into a coma for three weeks All of his normal functions like talking and walking were restored through physical therapy but one very peculiar feature remained he insists that his parents are not his parents Though he acknowledges the perfect physical similarity and is otherwise perfectly rational he simply cannot be convinced that these kindly older people taking care of him are anything but doppelgangers Fucking weird right Well there are manycases of this syndrome than this so it s not even uite as rare as one would first guess and Rama gracefully travels through the cognitive neuroscientific netherworld that lies behind this phenomena with some amazing theories guiding him along the way and developing in his wake If for no other reason read this book because of what you ll learn about Capgras syndrome and Cotard Syndrome In Synecdoche New York the most recent film by and directorial debut of Charlie Kaufman the central character s name is non coincidently Caden Cotard While he doesn t have the neurological syndrome he does spend large parts of the film fretting about death it s a wonderful film don t let this description fool you Actual people with Cotard s syndrome are either completely convinced that they are already dead or are decaying They often swear that they can smell their own rotting flesh etc Before we jump to the conclusion that these people are just wrist slitting goth kids prone to hyperbole or just crazy we need to take the brain s eye view with Rama as our guide And a note about the just crazy remark I just made He stresses throughout this book that it is a profound mistake to send the patients he describes straight to the psychiatrist or the loony bin And he s always right to do this There is some time spent arguing against old paradigms of psychology and psychiatry and cultural theory and sociology even though he does give Freud credit where credit is due and shows us how Freud had seeds of wisdom but that the seeds need to be fostered by all of the new knowledge and innovation and most importantly positive results brought about by the paradigm shift of cognitive neuroscience when it comes to treating people with these strangest of mental states and behaviorsAlright there are so many other major points of interest I could go into but I m calling it uits for now A short list of other great topics Phantom pregnancies People literally laughing themselves to death The ins and outs of the placebo effect Mirror neurons and their relationship to empathy Blind sight an incredible phenomenon look it up The pros and cons of evolutionary psychology People who completely neglect one entire side of their body and do not and cannot realize it The neurological underpinnings of religious revelations and ecstasies AndOne last word on Consciousness I tend to approach all of neuroscience with the eyes of a philosopher meaning I don t really have an aptitude for the finertechnical details and that there s basically a constant running commentary in the back of my mind at least when I approach the brain which is pondering the ever increasing philosophical discourse about the nature of consciousness itself This also easily lends itself toexistential thoughts about the obvious which can beor less boiled down to this if a person s conscious experience is the brain or is a product of the brain the distinctions here will cause most of your eyes to glaze over so I ll be be silent on that for now then its dissolution is our dissolution In other words this kind of stuff practically urges a person to consider the inevitability of mortality to some degree or another While Rama bypasses all extended musings on the meaning of life and death he does take a mighty swing at the philosophical debates about consciousness in the final chapter He s uite philosophically astute for a neuroscientist with no formal philosophical education He s also collaborated with fellow UC San Diego professor of philosophy Patricia Churchland which for fans of philosophy and science is basically a dream team Patricia and her husband Paul are basically the forebearers of a subfield of study called neurophilosophy which I see as the wave of the future and one of the only hopes for academic philosophy to remain or become depending on your station in life relevant and exciting and also as a useful clarifying tool for cognitive neuroscience and perhaps science and all the other seriously probing disciplines generallyI ll continue to urge many people to read this book It s maximally eye opening entertaining and thought provoking

Summary Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind

Characters ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ↠ V.S. Ramachandran Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind Characters è 8 V.S. Ramachandran ↠ 8 Read S by looking closely at the deficits shown by people with neurological problems VS Ramachandran has seen countless patients suffering from anosognosia phantom limb pain blindsight and other disorders and he brings a remarkable mixture of clinical intuition and research savvy to bear on their problems He is one of the few scientists who are able and willing to explore the personal subjective ramifications of his work he rehumanizes an often too sterile field and captures the spirit of wonder so e. This book is a direct flight into to the Limbo

Characters ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ↠ V.S. Ramachandran

Characters ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ↠ V.S. Ramachandran Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind Characters è 8 V.S. Ramachandran ↠ 8 Read Ssential for true discovery Phantoms in the Brain is eual parts medical mystery scientific adventure and philosophical speculation Ramachandran s writing is smart caring and very very funnyWhether you re curious about the workings of the brain interested in alternatives to expensive high tech science much of Ramachandran s research is done with materials found around the home or simply want a fresh perspective on the nature of human consciousness you ll find satisfaction with Phantoms in the Bra. I begin to like Dr Ramachandran Such a remarkable intelligent and humble man someone who would make a nice companion during long campfires The phantom limbs this book famously talks about is well known now But it talks about muchthan that The brain is after all a complex thing We hardly understand how it ticks and many things that pass on as bogus like clairvoyance are not completely unprovable given the limitations of brain study That Ramachandran is willing to stray into the I begin to like Dr Ramachandran Such a remarkable intelligent and humble man someone who would make a nice companion during long campfires The phantom limbs this book famously talks about is well known now But it talks about muchthan that The brain is after all a complex thing We hardly understand how it ticks and many things that pass on as bogus like clairvoyance are not completely unprovable given the limitations of brain study That Ramachandran is willing to stray into the tall claims made by mystics is a wonder and a joy because most of the self serious scientists don t like to get their hands dirtyThe book informs us that phantom limbs occur because the brain s body image the mapping of each body part in the brain gets altered due to shock or some other reason This is a plausible theory Consider a man who has an amputated leg and whenever he reaches an orgasm he feels it in his phantom leg and not in the penis The reason is not as Frued suggested years ago while explaining foot fetish that the feet resemble the phallus But because the sensors for the leg and the penis are uite close in the body image This is interesting Consider also that in female brains the sensors for earlobe and nipples are uite close the rest is elementary But this body image may get altered resulting in messed up baffling signals the kind patients with phantom limbs feel In fact normal people can also feel something like it Take this experiment Ask two of your friends to join you Call them A and B Sit in a chair Ask A to sit in front of you in another chair Blindfold your eyes Now ask B to take your hand and periodically tickle A s nose and at the same time tickle your nose with another hand Simple But after some 30 to 40 seconds you will feel that A s nose is your nose the one being tickled by your hand and not the one on your body This nose outside my body experience happens because the body image gets slightly altered because of the experiment The fact of the matter is as Dr Ramachandran explains Your body image despite all its appearance of durability is an entirely transitory internal construct that can be profoundly modified with a few simple tricks It is merely a shell you have temporarily created for successfully passing your genes to your offspring Along the way he sheds light on a new discovery about how we perceive the world A simple act of seeing is distributed among multiple visual areas and division of labor among the two the how and what pathways A small imbalance in these pathways can cause disastrous effects A real case study tells about a woman with such a deformity who could see perfectly well but could never sense motion This meant this she could never cross a road because she could not see continuous movement only static snapshots A simple event of filling coffee was always troublesome because the snapshots won t tell her when her cup was about to spill It tells us that we don t understand vision completelyDr Ramachandran writes If I toss a red ball at you several far flung visual areas in your brains are activated simultaneously but what you see is a single unified picture of the ball Does this unification come about because there is a later place in the brain where all this information is put together what the philosopher Dan Dennett calls a Cartesian Theater Or are there connections between these areas so that their simultaneous activation leads directly to a sort of synchronized firing pattern that in turn creates perpetual unity This uestion the so called binding problem is one of the many unresolved riddles in neuroscience Stroke patients sometimes go into denial or repress the fact of the paralysis and although these baffling acts confuse doctors some brave neurologists actually find parallels of these behavior with Freudian concepts like repression denial reaction formation and the like It is an opportunity for them to test Freud s theories because although we all display such behavior in our day to day life in these unfortunate patients the intensity is tenfold giving enough material to hold an experiment Even though Freud bashing is a popular intellectual pastime Ramachandran believes that he had some valuable insights up his sleeve about our psychological defenses Many strange sightings of ghosts angels UFOs may be due to ocular pathology a malfunction called Charles Bonnet syndrome The pleasure of this book arises from Dr Ramachandran s enthusiastic writing style presenting one case study after another giving us proper details that lead to the wow moment the discovery of something new about the brain and along the way he makes us feel like Sherlock Holmes a figure that significantly inspired him to join medicine During the reading of the book I was mostly agile and curious to know what would come next Not many popular science books are like that Though some present excellent ideas they hamper the reading experience by either being too verbose dull or too technicalWe learn from this book that a lot of what we know about the curious sounding functions of the brain is by studying patients with deformities or malfunction a method used by psychoanalysts in the past but today s neurologists rely on sophisticated observations and not educated guesses What does all the case studies tell us That most of the brain processes run by comparisons and not by absolute values You never know what you may end up finding next I don t know about others but I take comfort in that idea That this reality my reality the way I perceive it the things that I understand the things that I don t everything has my brain at its center It makes me who I am I am not speaking as an Idealist but a lot of what goes around in life is constantly scanned by my brain I cannot deny its influence The brain is powerful enough to generate a religious experience Even intense religious experiences are traced to the limbic system but Dr Ramachandran is humble enough to state that the existence of God cannot be denied on empirical grounds In the later chapters he dwells on pseudocyesis a condition in which a woman experiences all the signs of pregnancy swollen belly lactating breasts and the like but there is one thing missing the baby The fake pregnancy is the result of a delusion How f ed up is that Listen to this now a rare few men who show extreme sympathy towards their pregnant wives start showing signs of pregnancy They even start lactating People lets all bow down to the power of the mind Reading this book I have secretly started believing that if it can make such improbable things true if only one could train it in the right direction and draw amazing fruits from it the way new age mystics claim all the time It helps me to know that something intriguing may happen tomorrow that today I find impossible It would not be a miracle It would just be a new thing I would learn about myself about my mental abilities We may not end up knowing everything about the brain because it looks like an infinite machine but there is comfort in the fact that there is a lotto learn It will be exciting It will keep us busy

  • Kindle Edition
  • 352
  • Phantoms in the Brain: Probing The Mysteries Of The Human Mind
  • V.S. Ramachandran
  • English
  • 06 November 2020
  • null